Sentencing Guidelines Resource Center
Robina Institute of Criminal Law and Criminal Justice


Guidelines & Commissions

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Minnesota Model
Sentencing Guidelines Systems: Leading the Way with Minnesota Model

Minnesota was the first state to enact sentencing guidelines in 1980.  Since then, multiple states, the federal government, and Washington, D.C. have followed suit.  But just as no state or jurisdiction is the same, no two sets of the sentencing guidelines are the same.

Richard S. Frase
Prior Record Enhancements: High Costs, Uncertain Benefits

An offender’s record of prior convictions is a major sentencing factor in all sentencing systems, including all U.S.

Julian Roberts
Attitudes to Prior Record Sentencing Enhancements: What do the Public Think?

All jurisdictions impose harsher sentences on repeat offenders (Roberts, 2008). Across the US, sentencing guidelines apply specific counting rules: in many states, offenders are assigned points to reflect the number and nature of their prior convictions (see Frase et al., 2015).

Sentencing Commissions and Guidelines by the Numbers
Sentencing Commissions and Guidelines By the Numbers

The Robina Institute of Criminal Law and Criminal Justice is pleased to present Sentencing Commissions and Guidelines By the Numbers: Cross-Jurisdictional Comparisons Made Easy by the Sentencing Guidelines Resource Center, by Kelly Lyn Mitchell, Executive Director of the Robina Institute.