Sentencing Guidelines Resource Center
Robina Institute of Criminal Law and Criminal Justice

Criminal History Enhancements

Criminal History Enhancements

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Julian Roberts
Attitudes to Prior Record Sentencing Enhancements: What do the Public Think?

All jurisdictions impose harsher sentences on repeat offenders (Roberts, 2008). Across the US, sentencing guidelines apply specific counting rules: in many states, offenders are assigned points to reflect the number and nature of their prior convictions (see Frase et al., 2015).

Criminal History Enhancements Sourcebook
Criminal History Enhancement Sourcebook

The Criminal History Project team completed a comprehensive survey and analysis of criminal history formulas found in guidelines systems, and the results of the survey were published in the Criminal History Enhancements Sourcebook (2015).


The Robina Institute’s Sentencing Guidelines Resource Center provides information and downloadable materials related to American sentencing guidelines systems.

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